- The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. HTTP is the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web.
- HyperText Markup Language, commonly referred to as HTML, is the standard markup language used to create web pages.
- Mosaic v.0.1-Released March 1993
- Netscape v.0.9-Released October 1994
- Netscape v.1-Released December 1994
- An HTTP cookie (also called web cookie, Internet cookie, browser cookie or simply cookie), is a small piece of data sent from a website and stored in a user's web browser while the user is browsing that website.
- Opera v.1-Released April 1995
- Internet Explorer v.1-Released August 16, 1995
- Internet Explorer v.2-Released November 1995
- Netscape v.1.1-Released March 1995
- Netscape v.1.22-Released August 1995
- Transport Layer Security (TLS) and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), both of which are frequently referred to as 'SSL', are cryptographic protocols designed to provide communications security over a computer network.